The threshold is the door knocker, which is a Beijing residential house, especially the ornaments on the doors of large and small courtyard houses. As the saying goes, the door is the face of a family, indicating its identity and status. Therefore, in the houses of Beijing, there is almost a pair of metal ornaments on the courtyard door with a slightly face. The official name is â€œthe thresholdâ€ and the Beijingers call it the door knocker. This kind of threshold on the door of ordinary people's houses is simple in style, but there is no lack of decorative beauty, and some also carry auspicious symbols, such as the outer circle to the wishful pattern, or pull out the bat graphics.
First, the threshold system
There are many types of door knockers, the most common of which is a square ring with a square shape of about 7 inches. The middle part is raised, and a leaf-shaped iron piece or iron ring is hung in the middle of the protrusion. In the place where the door panel is fixed, it is 6-angled, with holes, nails and pins, which are combined with the door panel. Because the hexagonal door ring is like the "é’¹" in the instrument, it is also like the rain-proof straw hat, so some people call it the "iron hat" that is buckled at the door. The door knocker is generally convenient for the opening and closing of the door, mostly made of iron, and only the royal palace can be enjoyed on the copper and decorated with the animal face. When the people go out, they pull the middle leaf piece or the hoop to the door with their hands; the outsiders lightly buckle the door knocker to call the insider to open the door. There are acquaintances, and the number and weight of the buckles are constant. In the past, children often mischievously buckled the door knockers for fun. When they were finished, they couldnâ€™t find people when they ran out. However, there are very few such things, otherwise the owner is tired. In addition to the urgent need to re-hook the door knocker, in the past, the door buckle ring, the past buckle ring sound can also be the same scene of Beijing Hu.
Second, the threshold and the story of old Beijing
The threshold is also called the "door knocker", or the door knocker. It is a residential house in the old Beijing city, especially the decorations on the doors of large and small courtyard houses.
As the saying goes, "the door" is the "face" of a family, indicating its identity and status. Therefore, in the houses in the city of Beijing, there is almost a pair of metal ornaments on the courtyard of the face of the people. The official name is â€œthe thresholdâ€ and the Beijing people call it the â€œdoor knockerâ€.
There are many types of door knockers, the most common of which is a hexagonal square, about 7 inches square, with a central protrusion, and a leaf-shaped iron or iron ring in the middle of the protrusion. The hexagonal shape is fixed at a position fixed to the door panel, and a hole is formed in the hole, and the nail is combined with the door panel. Because the hexagonal door ring is like the "é’¹" in the instrument, it is also like the rain-proof straw hat, so some people call it the "iron hat" buckled on the door. The door knocker of the gate of the courtyard where my family lives is a pair of typical "iron hats."
Door knockers are generally convenient for opening and closing doors, mostly iron. The door knocker made of copper and decorated with animal faces can only be enjoyed by the former royal palace. When the people in the hospital go out, use both hands to pull the leaf-shaped piece or the hoop of the middle to the door and close it tightly; if the outside person sees the door closed, the door knocker is lightly closed to call the person inside the house to open the door. If acquaintances come, some of them have regular numbers and weights.
In the past, when a child was naughty and slammed into the door knocker, he ran away. There are also things that can't be found after people open the door, but there are very few such things, otherwise they will not be exhausted. Therefore, naughty children generally pay attention to "telling morality." As for the return of the people in the hospital, or the visit of the guests, in addition to the emergency of the door, the door knocker is generally light. As for those who have sent coal or food to the door in the past, they also slammed the door knocker. If the people in the door can't hear it, they will go over several times.
Since the 1950s, many independent houses have become a large courtyard with different identities and different statuses. After the unprecedented "Cultural Revolution", not only more courtyards have evolved into large courtyards, but also in the hospital. The home began to build their own style of war, and the layout of the building has undergone major changes. There are many people who come in and out of the house every day, so the door is generally open and rarely closed. The door knocker has really lost its practical role except as a charm. As for the Tuen Mun, it has not only become a kind of "game" for the children in many hutongs, but even some adults use the trick to lick their children. For example, if there is a woman in our hospital, if she is okay, she will hold the childâ€™s door and play with it. When she slams the door, she usually gives the child a song in the childrenâ€™s drama about the big wolf swindling the child to open the door: â€œThe door bolt, the second door , ç¬¤å¸šç–™ç˜© (all the other children in the play) to open the door. Then slam the door knocker, the sly child will open the door quickly." After reading "three babies", she really slammed the door knocker three The sound is crisp. Such a phenomenon is not a minority in the Hutong home. Fortunately, because there are people living in the courtyard, everyone has learned to be "tolerant."
The past door knockers and the sound of the door are also a scene in the old Beijing city. Nowadays, with most of the bungalows being demolished, people have lived in neat buildings, so the "this scene" disappeared.
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