ã€€ã€€ Edible fungus waste, also known as bacillary dysentery, slag, waste, and waste fungus, is a culture material after cultivation of edible fungi, rich in protein and other nutrients, and has high utilization value in agricultural production. For these edible fungus wastes, the vast number of mushroom farmers cannot be scientifically treated and used, discarded or stacked at random, which not only wastes resources, but also causes mold and pests to breed and pollute the environment.
ã€€ã€€ First, the reuse of edible fungus waste:
Reuse of edible fungus waste is to re-cultivate edible fungi with edible fungus waste. The wastes of straw mushroom, oyster mushroom, shiitake mushroom, fungus, mushroom, etc. are cultivated. As long as the mycelium grows well and the culture material is not contaminated by bacteria, it can be dried and crushed and added with 30% to the new raw material. The benefits of Coprinus comatus are considerable. This method can reduce the production cost and further improve the utilization rate of raw materials.
ã€€ã€€ Second, the application of bacillary dysentery in seed production
ã€€ã€€ The bacterium is used for the production of Agaricus bisporus, which can improve the quality of the strain and save costs. Studies have shown that bacillary dysentery is a good raw material for making Agaricus bisporus strains instead of some wheat granules.
ã€€ã€€ Third, livestock and poultry feed
Pleurotus ostreatus, mushroom, enoki mushroom and other wood rot fungi, the waste material contained in the mushroom is rich in amino acids, and the content of trace elements such as Fe, Ca, Zn, Mg is also very rich, and the mushroom scent unique to the slag makes it Better palatability. Therefore, the slag can be used as a feed.
ã€€ã€€ Fourth, edible fungus waste as fertilizer
For moldy fungus residue, it is not suitable for secondary cultivation materials and animal feed, and it is mostly used as farmyard fertilizer. The edible fungus waste is rich in organic matter and various mineral elements. The nutrient contents of N, P and K were higher than straw and fresh manure. After the edible fungus waste is applied to the soil, humus with good venting capacity can be formed. It is of great significance to improve soil and improve soil fertility. In addition, the edible fungus mycelium secretes certain kinetin substances and special enzymes during the growth process, and these enzymes can decompose complex organic matter into nutrients that are easily absorbed by plants. The edible fungus waste is deeply applied in the orchard, which can improve the soil and improve the quality of the fruit. The specific performance is the effect of increasing production and income. When the edible fungus waste is applied to the vegetables, the drought resistance of the vegetables is obviously enhanced, the plants grow vigorously, and the appearance quality is good. In the flower planting, the post-planting waste is mixed with the loam and then naturally fermented. It is used as a flower-based fertilizer for flower nurseries and flower pots, which can improve the soil structure, improve the ventilation and water retention capacity, and make the grown flowers and plants grow. The leaves are leafy, the flowers are large, the colors are gorgeous, and the cost is extremely low.
ã€€ã€€ Five, edible fungus waste as fuel
Since most of the mushroom cultivation is made of wood chips, the mushroom fungus is the best for the dried mushrooms.
ã€€ã€€ 1, used as sterilization fuel
The waste fungus after the mushroom is dried and collected. It can be used as a sterilization fuel when producing strains and clinker. It not only saves energy, but also saves production investment, and also solves the environmental pollution caused by waste.
ã€€ã€€ 2. Production of biogas
Pleurotus ostreatus is used as a biogas fermentation substrate, and the waste material is poured into a biogas digester according to a conventional method, so that high-quality biogas can be produced, which not only saves raw materials, but also regulates the contradiction of gas production and stagnation, so that the waste plays a "remaining heat".
ã€€ã€€ 3, used as mushroom shed heating fuel
In the plastic greenhouse where mushrooms are grown in winter, most of the fuel for mushroom farmers is coal or charcoal. Not only the investment is large, the cost is high, and the environment is polluted. The dried slag is used as fuel to save coal or charcoal, and the flame is similar to anthracite, and it is not easy to produce harmful smoke. This saves a lot of fuel investment every year, and the benefits of edible fungus production are higher.
ã€€ã€€ 6. Replace the soil when the vegetables are raised.
In the case of vegetable seedlings, the soil residue is treated with thermal steam and other physical methods to cover the soil, covering the seeds, which can effectively reduce or eliminate root rot, tripping and other diseases.
ã€€ã€€ Seven, extract hormones and pesticides
The hormone and antibiotic components in the flavonoids are extracted to produce an increase in the production of antibiotics and antibiotics.
ã€€ã€€ Eight, edible fungus waste feeding insects
The edible fungus wastes are piled up in a concentrated manner, and the humidity is increased appropriately. A large number of insects such as cockroaches can be raised. These insects can be used as feed to feed fish and broilers such as squid, which can save a large amount of feed investment and reduce adulthood. At the same time, fish and broilers are raised. Waiting for a large body of fat, the nutritional value is higher.
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